Any fact is relevant which shows or constitutes a motive or preparation for any fact in issue or relevant fact. Relevancy of statement as to fact of public nature, contained in certain Acts or notifications. The fact that, soon after the alleged robbery, he made a complaint relating to the offence, the circumstances under which, and the terms in which the complaint was made, are relevant.
In civil cases, character is wholly irrelevant except when in deciding damages. The above facts may not be relevant but admissible. Evidence essentially refers to those items or things that make the truth of a disputed matter quite apparent to a court.
He produces a letter written by himself and dated at Lahore on that day, and bearing the Lahore post-mark of that day. That means oral admission regarding the contents of a document cannot be made admissible as evidence to the court. The relevancy of facts, which is not defined in Indian Evidence Act, is provided from its Sections 1 to Relevance of expert opinion Expert opinion is relevant in a judicial proceeding.
A statement by C that he owed B rent is an admission, and is a relevant fact as against A, if A denies that C did owe rent to B. The circumstances are such that the crime must have been committed either by A, B, C or D, every fact which shows that the crime could have been committed by no one else and that it was not committed by either B, C or D, is relevant.
Illustrations a The question is, whether A robbed B. A letter from A's deceased father to a friend, announcing the birth of A on a given day, is a relevant fact.