The geishas role in japanese social life
The original role of geisha was as an assistant to the oiran, high-class and every expensive Japanese courtesans who resided in the pleasure quarters of Edo modern day TokyoKyoto, and other major cities in the Edo Period Although minarai attend ozashiki, they do not participate at an advanced level.
The most junior shikomi of the house would have to wait late into the night for the senior geisha to return from engagements, sometimes as late as two or three in the morning, and assist them in undressing and preparing to sleep. Henshall wrote that the geisha's purpose was "to entertain their customer, be it by dancing, reciting verse, playing musical instruments, or engaging in light conversation.
The traditional conventions and values within such a relationship are very intricate and not well understood, even by many Japanese.
It was traditional in the past for established geisha to take a danna, or patron. It was traditional in the past for established geisha to take a danna, or patron.
The Tokyo hanamachi of Shimbashi, Asakusa, and Kagurazaka are also well known. The first part of training is called "shikomi". Sometimes young girls were sold by their parents into the geisha life, a practice not abolished completely until the mid-twentieth century. The first is the formal arts training. Maiko are considered one of the great sights of Japanese tourism, and look very different from fully qualified geisha. For geisha over thirty, the heavy white make-up is only worn during special dances which require her to wear make up for her part. Geisha can work into their eighties and nineties,  and are expected to train every day, even after seventy years of experience,  though lessons may only take place a couple of times a month. Potential new customers therefore are only allowed to join if a current member recommends them, and is prepared to act as a guarantor. Another one has a failing prostitute taking a job as a geisha to make some extra money, and as a geisha she was a hit. Oirans wore very elaborate clothes, make-up, and jewelry. These techniques are not taught in school, as skills such as conversation and gaming can only be absorbed through practice. Gradually, they all became specialized and the new profession, purely of entertainment, arose. When the apprentice became skilled in the geisha arts, and passed a final and difficult dance test , she was promoted to the second stage of training: "minarai". Eventually, the gaudy oiran began to fall out of fashion, becoming less popular than the chic modern geisha;  this was a trend that continued until the eradication of legal prostitution in Japan.
He died many years back and more recently his wife - my wife's grandmother - also passed away. Other new geisha neighborhoods hanamachi were created in Kyoto and other cities.
The traditional makeup of an apprentice geisha features a thick white base with red lipstick and red and black accents around the eyes and eyebrows.
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